Certain population groups and those with certain medical conditions are at increased risk of severe COVID-19 illness.1
Do any of the risk factors listed below apply to you or someone you care for?
Risk factors for severe COVID-194
≥70 years of age
Chronic kidney disease
Chronic lung disease
- Identify as Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander
- Being male
- Being pregnant
- Being unvaccinated
- Blood cancer (such as leukaemia, lymphoma or myelodysplastic syndrome)
- Childhood cancer
- Chronic inflammatory condition requiring medical treatment
- Chronic liver disease
- Chronic lung disease
- Chronic renal (kidney) failure
- Heart disease (coronary heart disease or failure)
- Living in remote area
- Living with disability
- Neurological conditions such as stroke or dementia
- Non-haematological cancer (diagnosed in the past 5 years)
- Older age, especially if you are over 70 years old
- Poorly controlled blood pressure
- Primary or acquired immunodeficiency
- Severe mental health condition
- Certain treatments, such as radiotherapy, bone marrow transplant, targeted anti-cancer therapy, immune suppressive therapy, chemotherapy or immunotherapy
What to do if you are at risk and have COVID-19 symptoms
If you are experiencing any symptoms of COVID-19, it is important to take a COVID-19 test to determine if you are infected.2
If you return a positive result, contact your doctor right away.
Test at the first sign of COVID-19 symptoms. If you test positive and are at high risk of
severe COVID-19, talk to your doctor for advice without delay.
Tell your family and friends about planning for COVID-19.
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- Updated eligibility for oral COVID-19 treatments. Australian Government Department of Health and Aged Care. Accessed 15 August 2023.
- How testing works for COVID-19. Therapeutic Goods Administration. Accessed 16 March 2023. https://www.tga.gov.au/products/covid-19/covid-19-tests/how-testing-works-covid-19
- COVID-19 disease and symptoms. Australian Government Department of Health and Aged Care. Accessed 24 February 2023. https://www.health.gov.au/health-alerts/covid-19/symptoms
- Risk factors for more serious illness. Australian Government Department of Health and Aged Care. Accessed 24 February 2023.
- What COVID-19 test should I do? NSW Government. Accessed 15 March 2023.
- Testing for COVID-19. Australian Government Department of Health and Aged Care. Accessed 24 February 2023. https://www.health.gov.au/health-alerts/covid-19/testing
- Medicines for treating COVID-19. Health Direct. Accessed 15 March 2023.
- Protect yourself and others from COVID-19. Australian Government Department of Health and Aged Care. Accessed 24 February 2023.
- If you have COVID-19. Australian Government Department of Health and Aged Care. Accessed 15 March 2023. https://www.health.gov.au/health-alerts/covid-19/testing-positive#testing-positive-for-covid19